The eBird Global Big Day

By Rupi Mangat

Above: Grey crowned cranes in Lake Nakuru National Park. Copyright Rupi Mangat 

Published; The East African Nation media 23-29 May 2020

the big birding effort on May 9 2020

At the stroke of midnight on 9 May, more than 50,000 bird watchers from across the globe took to the outdoors for the next 24 hours to log in birds on their eBbird app https://ebird.org/globalbigday, birds that were seen or just heard by them. An extraordinary turnout given that much of the world was under some form of lockdown!

Long-crested eagle at Lake Nakuru. Copyright Rupi Mangat (800x600)
Long-crested eagle (logo of Nature Kenya) at Lake Nakuru. Copyright Rupi Mangat

eBird Continue reading “The eBird Global Big Day”

Bird chorus in quieter Corona days

Above: Hadada ibis by Bernard DUPONT

Published: The East African Nation 9-15 May 2020

By Rupi Mangat

with unusual birdsong heard and massive flocks seen in cities

“The wake-up call of Hadada ibis in my estate (Buru Buru in Nairobi) was always 4.30 a.m.,” remarks Jennifer Oduori, a veteran birder and member of the birders’ group at Nature Kenya. “Now because it’s so quiet, they have changed the time to 6 a.m.”

The Hadada ibis, a common bird in Nairobi, has one of the loudest calls in the bird world and it’s enjoying the bliss of a quiet sleep during the current Corona-curfew days …just like many humans are.

What’s even more interesting is that Nairobi which is the birding capital of the world with more than a thousand species has new arrivals that Oduori is trying to identify from pictures sent to her by other birders.

More unusual reports are coming in from Kenyan birders, members of Nature Kenya, the country’s oldest natural history society established in 1909 by like-minded people interested in nature.

In late April afternoon, Abigail Church sent a video from Nairobi’s Giraffe sanctuary of 1,000 Great white pelicans flying over it, wave after wave for 15 minutes en route to Lake Magadi, a phenomena  never recorded before of such large numbers in the city. It made the video go viral amongst the birders.

Mangrove kingfisher at Sabaki River mouth Kenya north coast by Steve Garvie from Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland (720x514)
Mangrove kingfisher at Sabaki River mouth Kenya north coast by Steve Garvie

Meanwhile in Mombasa the built-up island with few trees, another bird not recorded on the island before, has surprised Mustafa Adamjee. “ I heard Mangrove kingfishers call all night in the middle of Mombasa town where there are few trees , noisy and so built up..

Mangrove kingfishers are intra-African migrants seen around the island or along the beaches lined with mangroves and coastal bush but never in town.

The list is endless of the many unusual sighting around the world’s cities, but it’s in the far-away port of Mumbai, that is India’s largest city of some 20 million people, that’s currently stealing the show.

It’s turning pink…with tens of thousands of flamingos after the country’s nationwide lockdown that’s quietened down the city. According to the Bombay Natural History Society the flamingos are also spreading to wetlands where they were rarely seen before “because there is no human activity there now.”

In terms of birding, it’s getting exciting in the era of the Corona.

Greater flamingos at Lake Bogoria.Copyright Rupi Mangat (800x600)
Greater flamingos at Lake Bogoria. Copyright Rupi Mangat

Calling out Loud

According to the British Trust for Ornithology, just like Oduori, Adamjee and a thousand other Kenyan birders the daily chorus of birdsong is now more audible in the heart of the cities.

In the current quieter world, the feeling amongst birders is that it could be helping the birds to be heard by potential mates which increase their breeding success. However this has to be verified scientifically by continued survey even during these social distancing cash-strapped corona days. And that depends on volunteers who are keen birders.

Birding – a World of Volunteers

Long-crested eagle at Lake Nakuru. Copyright Rupi Mangat (800x600)
Long-crested eagle (logo of Nature Kenya) at Lake Nakuru. Copyright Rupi Mangat

Birds are everywhere – in air, water and land. Keeping track of the avian world depends largely on volunteers whose data can be used by research scientists and policy makers to safeguard their realm and in Environmental Impact Assessments when taking on any infrastructural project, for birds are indicators of the environment.

Birding in Kenya is largely thanks to Fleur Ng’weno of Nature Kenya who in February 1971, started the Wednesday Morning Birdwalks from the Nairobi National Museum. For the last 35 years the walks have taken place weekly, rain or shine led mostly by Ng’weno or someone if she’s not around. Nature Kenya has branches almost everywhere in the country.

Despite the walks being suspended for the first time in Kenya which to the birders’ chagrin is the March-April migration time, Ng’weno the octogenarian is still busy birding with a face mask in the Nairobi Arboretum, Karura Forest and Nairobi National Park as are others in the country, filling in their data diligently.

Grey crowned cranes in Lake Nakuru National Park. Copyright Rupi Mangat (800x600)
Grey crowned cranes in Lake Nakuru National Park. Copyright Rupi Mangat

‘Back to Normal’

The world-over, reports abound of wildlife stepping into cities and towns as nature rebounds during the pandemic. There’s less pollution and noise, the air is clearer with snow settling back on mountains such as Kenya and Kilimanjaro from where it had vanished to a point of a sliver. However, the big question is, will any short-term gains made by wildlife be reversed once the lockdown is over?

Or will shape policy for a healthier world with nature as the pandemic ebbs?

On the Flip Side

However, according to Darcy Ogada Assistant Director of Africa Programs for the Peregrine Fund the CV19 will probably have a large negative effect on all wildlife in rural areas because of the economic fallout. “People are hungry. Poaching of smaller species like antelope has most certainly increased and birds will be poached for food too. Protected areas aren’t excluded. As parks fees and tourism declines it has an immediate impact on security operations in these areas,” she comments.

Wildlife Crossing Roads – Deadly Highways Threaten Endangered Species

A new study shows increasing danger that roads pose to wildlife

Above: Serval hit on Mombasa Highway near Kapiti Estate 24th November 2019. Cortesy Mary Wykstra Action for Cheetahs Kenya

Published: Business Daily, Nation media 7 January 2020

For five months Peter Kibobi woke every morning to span a section of the Mombasa-Nairobi highway to check on wild and domestic animals killed on the road, knocked down by vehicles. “There was not a single day that went without recording any deaths,” tells the young researcher working on his Master’s degree in wildlife management.

He recorded rare animals like aardvark, serval, snakes,  zebra, tortoises, gazelles, birds…the list could go on.

Continue reading “Wildlife Crossing Roads – Deadly Highways Threaten Endangered Species”

The Waterkeepers: Communities all over the world cleaning up their rivers so that they can be drinkable, fishable and swimmable, again.

Above: Women wash carrier bags in Nairobi River for reuse in Korogocho slum, Nairobi. Copyright Rupi Mangat

Published: 9-13 Dec 2019 The Outlook, East African Nation media

The river, Nairobi, is in spate. Under an overcast sky on a chilly November morning, a group of Waterkeeper Alliance from across the world are clad in green waterproof overalls, gloves and gumboots to join Komb Clean Solution, a community-based organization from Korogocho slum to clean a two-kilometre stretch of the river that flows through the capital from its source in the Ngong Hills to the Indian Ocean, 500 kilometres south.

Slum kids playig in Korogocho Peoles Park in Korogocho slum, Nairobi. Copyright Rupi Mangat (800x600)
Kids playing in Korogocho Peooles Park by Nairobi River in Korogocho slum, Nairobi. Copyright Rupi Mangat

Continue reading “The Waterkeepers: Communities all over the world cleaning up their rivers so that they can be drinkable, fishable and swimmable, again.”

Lake Elmenteita Wildlife Sanctuary Under Power Struggle

Above: Pylon being erected near Lake Elmenteita. Copyright Rupi Mangat

Published: Daily Nation 6 November 2019

In the name of ‘development’

It’s mid-morning by the salt-crusted shores of Lake Elmenteita. A flock of Great White Pelicans lift off the islands on the lake in animated ribbons, circling higher and higher on the hot air thermals to fly off to Lake Naivasha or Lake Nakuru. They will spend the day on the lakes on either side of Elmenteita and return at dusk to settle on the islands for the night.

Great white pelicans herding fish for breakfast. Copyright Rupi Mangat
Great white pelicans herding fish for breakfast. Copyright Rupi Mangat

Continue reading “Lake Elmenteita Wildlife Sanctuary Under Power Struggle”